The Pacific ocean is the largest of all existing on our planet. However, it does not correspond to its name at all. The ocean is not a quiet place. It is where the greatest number of tsunamis, storms, and storms originate. A significant number of earthquakes occur in the ocean. In other words, the name is somewhat exaggerated and does not correspond to the real nature of the natural reservoir.
The Pacific ocean originated more than 750 million years ago. It was formed as a result of the collapse of the ancient continent of Rodinia. Initially, there was only one huge ocean on Earth, which was called Mirovia.
Then, as a result of natural phenomena and the influence of various factors, part of the land gradually divided, new continents and oceans appeared.
Officially, the Pacific ocean was opened to humanity at the beginning of the XVI century.
The Pacific ocean is the largest body of water on Earth. It accounts for almost 50% of the world's oceans and 55% of its water volume.
The area of the ocean is much larger than the size of all the land that is on our planet.
The Pacific ocean has the largest number of Islands. In total, there are about 20,000 Islands of various sizes. Some of them are periodically completely hidden under water.
In the Pacific ocean, you can find about half of all living creatures that inhabit the world's oceans. The number of representatives of flora and fauna is several times greater than in all other oceans. This is primarily due to the size of the Pacific ocean and its location. It is located in several climatic zones at once. In addition, the Pacific ocean receives a significant amount of fresh water.
There are a huge number of volcanoes in the Pacific ocean. Most of them are active. For this and other reasons, 90% of earthquakes occur in this area. Most of them are powerful and deadly. Earthquakes contribute to the occurrence of tsunami. The height of the waves reaches 60 meters. Their speed reaches 900 kilometers per hour. A tsunami has great power and energy. As a result of his action turns out to be fatal.
The Pacific ocean is the most polluted in the world. Just over 20 years ago, the so-called "Great Pacific garbage patch"was discovered in it. It is formed mainly by plastic elements. Only 1/5 of the garbage was generated as a result of dumping waste from sea vessels. The bulk was washed off the ground. The spot collected about 100 million tons of waste.
The deepest place on our planet is the Mariana trench, located in the Pacific ocean. Its bottom is 11,000 meters below sea level. There are also several other depressions located in the ocean, the depth of which is about 10,000 kilometers. Despite the huge depth, various creatures live in the sinkholes. According to scientists, these places may preserve prehistoric individuals that are no longer found in any part of the Earth. It is believed that the great depth and temperature of the water helped them survive the Ice age.
More than 90% of salmon species live in the Pacific ocean. However, their catch is most often restricted at the legislative level. Most species are on the verge of extinction.
More than 1,000 species of crustaceans can be found in the Pacific ocean. These include creatures of enormous size.
At the beginning of the last century, a cable was laid along the bottom of the Pacific ocean, the length of which is about 13 thousand kilometers. This is the first such communication wire designed to transmit messages.
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